The United Nations has issued its joint strategic plan for Myanmar, a guide to what many international agencies will focus on during this early stage of Myanmar’s transition. Myanmar, geographically the largest country in Southeast Asia, has an estimated population of 58 million. It has maintained GDP growth at around 5 per cent annually in recent years and has seen positive trends in poverty-related indicators. The country has further growth potential, with natural resources, agriculture and open access to the sea. Favorably located between South and East Asia, Myanmar has access to the fast growing economies of China and India, as well as access to ASEAN countries.
To date, Myanmar’s development has been characterized by uneven growth. According to the latest Integrated Household Living Conditions Assessment (IHLCA) 2009/10, there continues to be a rural-urban gap, with rural poverty at 29% and urban poverty at 16%. Due to limited public investment, international sanctions and a closed political system, the country has not been able to reach its full potential.
The four priorities in the UN plan are: 1. encouraging inclusive growth; 2. access to social services; 3. reducing vulnerability to natural disasters and climate change; and 4. good governance, democratic institutions and human rights. To achieve success, this strategy will need strong partnerships with the government, private sector and the NGO community.
Posted in Opportunities, Resources
Tagged Burma, climate, climate change, democracy, governance, government, human rights, Myanmar, rights, services, UN, United Nations
Courtesy of MFAN
USAID has released its Climate Change and Development Strategy 2012-16 as part of President Obama’s Global Climate Change Initiative (GCCI). As part of the GCCI, the US Government said it would work with partners to provide “fast start” climate finance approaching $30 billion. Coordinated by Kit Batten, USAID Global Climate Change Coordinator, the strategy aims to support strategies to advance “clean development” in poor countries. Overall, it has been met positively by many in the development community.
To date, the GCCI has used a range of mechanisms – bilateral, multilateral and private – to build resilience to unavoidable climate impacts; reduce emissions from deforestation and land degradation; and support low-carbon development strategies and the transition to a clean energy economy. Two examples of USAID projects are:
Clean energy in India: $9 million leveraged $200 million in private sector investment, to bring online 381 megawatts of new electricity generation capacity using bagasse—a biofuel made from sugar cane waste—reducing carbon dioxide emissions by 26 million tons. This technology was then adopted by six more Indian power plants.
Avoiding deforestation in Indonesia: the US Government is combatting illegal logging, improving forest management and conservation, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
According to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Viet Nam will be one of the countries most affected by climate change. The Vietnamese, Australian and German governments have therefore agreed to a partnership in the Mekong Delta to help Viet Nam manage and protect its coastal ecosystems, which includes responding to the impacts of climate change.
The five-year (2011-2016) Climate Change and Coastal Ecosystems Program (CCCEP) will cover the provinces of An Giang, Bac Lieu, Ca Mau, Kien Giang and Soc Trang. The CCCEP will provide practical solutions for a range of environmental hazards threatening coastal ecosystems. This will include measures for protecting coastal forests, such as teaching communities sustainable farming practices and promoting alternative income opportunities for communities dependent on coastal forests.
Australia, through AusAID, will contribute US$24.3 million to CCCEP and Germany will allocate US$14.1 million. CCCEP will be implemented by Germany’s GIZ (Gesellschaft fuer Internationale Zusammenarbeit). In addition, Germany has committed US$25.3 million through KfW (Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau).
Posted in Ideas, Opportunities
Tagged agriculture, AusAID, Australia, carbon, climate, community, environment, Germany, GIZ, Vietnam